- Happens at a Heartbeat
- Cardiovascular diseases: Which and why do they occur?
- Signs for one Heart attack
- 12-Punkte Check: This is how you can find out how healthy your heart is
The heart works 24 hours without a break, beats day and night and supplies all organs around the clock with essential nutrients and sufficient oxygen. We need a healthy heart so that all functions can run smoothly. However, this is not so taken for granted, because Cardiovascular diseases are among the most common diseases. We have summarized for you how a heart works, which diseases are possible and how you can deal with only 12 steps Find out if you are at increased risk of having a heart attack.
How does our heart work?
The human heart is a complex, fist-sized hollow organ. With its rhythmic movement, the heartbeat, it acts as a pumping station for the vital blood flow in the body.
At a healthy adults the heart beats in peace between 60 and 80 times per minute. The entire volume of blood, five to six liters in adults, is pumped through the body once every minute. With the uninterrupted transport of blood through the circulation, the heart supplies the organs with vital oxygen and nutrients. In order to fulfill this important task, the heart is ingeniously constructed. The heart consists of chambers and valves and a branched system of veins and arteries. Three quick facts about the engine of life:
- Service provider: 60 to 80 beats per minute, more than 100,000 beats a day and 42 million beats of the heart a year.
- Lightweight: The average heart is about the size of a fist and weighs around 300 grams, compared to the size of a mango in the supermarket.
- Transportmeister: The heart pumps around 7000 liters of blood through our body in 24 hours.
The most common cardiovascular diseases
Cardiovascular diseases are still the leading cause of death. 340,000 people die from it every year in Germany alone. People aged 50 and over are particularly susceptible to these and other diseases. This is a collective term that covers many different ailments. A uniform definition is difficult, because one disease often causes the other. For example, cardiac arrhythmias can be triggered by a heart valve disease. The most common diseases are:
- Hypertension (high blood pressure): The resting blood pressure is several times over 140/90 mmHg.
- Arrhythmias: Due to a disturbance, the heart is no longer beating in rhythm, but rather irregularly. It can race or hit significantly too slowly.
- Coronary heart desease: The coronary arteries are narrowed. This can result in a circulatory disorder.
- Heart muscle inflammation: Heart muscle cells are inflamed. Frequently occurring after a viral infection.
- Valvular heart disease: The heart valve is narrowed or no longer closes properly.
- Heart failure: The heart is too weak to generate the necessary pumping power for the blood supply to the body.
- Cardiomyopathie: The heart muscle is thickened and / or the heart cavities are dilated.
- Peripheral arterial disease: The arteries in your arms and legs are narrowed. The result is an irregular supply of blood.
Often the signs of sick people are not correctly interpreted or underestimated. Women in particular initially have more unspecific, different symptoms than men and do not immediately infer such a serious illness. For example, when women have a heart attack, they often experience shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting and upper abdominal discomfort. Men, on the other hand, suddenly have very severe pain, most of which occurs in the chest.
Symptoms: this is how you recognize a heart attack
You can see Heart attacks can manifest themselves in different ways. You can recognize a heart attack by the following typical signs:
- You have typical pain in the chest and especially behind the sternum. In addition, there is pain in the back or upper abdomen. These can easily be mistaken for stomach ache.
- The pain lasts more than five minutes.
- The pain is extensive, burning, pressing and is accompanied by tightness in the chest.
The older the person, the less pronounced the typical chest pain can be. In addition, there may be other symptoms that occur more frequently in women than in men. These are shortness of breath, dizziness, sweating, drowsiness, nausea and vomiting, and inexplicable fatigue.
12-point check: How healthy is your heart?
Of the 12-Punkte Check is based on the heart attack risk test German Heart Foundation. We have presented it for you in abbreviated form. These questions can be used to assess the risk to your heart health and that of those around you. The more you answer questions with “yes”, the higher the risk:
- Has your first degree family (father, mother, siblings, and children) already had a heart attack or stroke?
- Do you smoke?
- Do you move less than once a month for at least 20 minutes?
- Are you overweight
- Do you rarely eat vegetables, lettuce, fruit, legumes, whole grains, fiber, olive and rapeseed oil and fish rather than meat?
- Do you frequently eat meat, fast food, cakes, sweets and drink sugary beverages?
- Are you often very stressed?
- Do you have high blood pressure?
- Do you have high LDL cholesterol levels?
- Do you have high blood sugar levels? Do you have diabetes?
- Do you have occasional chest pain or chest pressure for more than 5 minutes?
- Have you ever suspected a heart attack?
If you here if you click, you get to the complete test. Many of the factors can favor cardiovascular disease. It is therefore important to pay attention to health in every area of life, because a healthy lifestyle can prevent cardiovascular diseases.
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