The initial deadline defined by the National Telecommunications Agency (Anatel) for the start of the standalone 5G operation in Brazil should not be met in several places in the country. Due to difficulties faced in installing infrastructure, 17 national capitals are not in a position to put the technology to work before July.
The public notice for the 5G auction held last year defined some rules that must be complied with by companies that won lots. The documentation provides for each company to place at least one antenna for every 100,000 inhabitants in the capitals, something that should not be done in time.
One of the biggest difficulties faced by operators is the limitation imposed by municipalities in relation to the amount of antennas that can be installed in a given area. As 5G waves are shorter, it is estimated that ten times more emission points will be needed.
However, a greater number of antennas should not cause major changes in the urban landscape, since each structure has much smaller dimensions than those currently used. Of the 27 national capitals, only nine already have legislation that provides for installations in areas such as lighting poles and buildings.
The Ministry of Communications pointed out to O Globo that it works with city halls to speed up the process of modernizing local laws, but there is still a long way to go. It is likely that the initial deadline will be changed by two months – therefore, until the month of September.
5G DSS is available in 60 cities
More attentive users of devices that already support 5G may have noticed that the top bar of the display indicates the use of technology, especially in central areas.
However, this signaling only concerns the so-called 5G DSS, the one that uses 4G infrastructure in a combination of frequencies that makes the speed faster — nothing close to the maximum capabilities of standalone 5G, that is, “pure”.
According to information from Anatel, 60 Brazilian cities offer 5G DSS, which is accessible to approximately 1.7 million citizens. After the start of the installation of standalone 5G in the capitals, the network expansion project predicts that all municipalities will be covered with the technology by 2029.