Acute respiratory infections. How to stop them?

The low temperature and humidity, typical of winter, especially affect children under 5 years of age. In this season they usually present more episodes of Acute respiratory infections (ARI) such as rhinopharyngitis, tonsillitis, otitis, laryngotracheitis, bronchitis and pneumonia.

This is explained by Dr. Carlos José Mendoza Fox, a pediatric pulmonologist at the Ricardo Palma Clinic, who argues that it is essential that parents are attentive to their symptoms: fever, cough, runny or runny nose, earache, sore throat, and shortness of breath.

“In these circumstances, they must go to the health center closest to their home, to avoid complications with the health of their little ones that require hospitalization. Self-medication is never a good option, it can aggravate the minor’s situation and put her life at risk”, she details.

During winter, ARI cases increase significantly because the cold and humidity make it easier for infectious agents to survive longer in the environment. This situation becomes more complex, especially (in this season) because a large number of people have the habit of close doors and windowsthus preventing proper ventilation that favors the transmission of viruses and bacteria by air.


There are basic measures that guardians and children can follow to avoid respiratory infections. One of them is to keep the minor’s vaccination card up to date, properly wash hands with soap and water, stay in ventilated environments, avoid small spaces with many people, maintain physical distance, especially with people with active respiratory conditions. . In addition to following a balanced diet, do not touch your face, nose, eyes and mouth, greet only with a gesture and avoid sudden changes in temperature.

“Many have traveled for the long holiday to places with a lot of sun and when they return they are contracting ARI. The ideal is not to undress and drink lukewarm things, ”she adds. It maintains that if your child has a persistent fever for more than 72 hours, has difficulty breathing or eating, he should be evaluated. If it is not diagnosed and treated properly, your condition can get complicated.

What to avoid?

  • Drugs. Do not self-medicate the minor and go for a medical check-up because it can cause a chronic infection in your child.
  • Not vaccination. Take your little one to inoculate to prevent diseases and thus avoid a future death.



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