Brazil will have 704,000 new cases of cancer per year by 2025, says Inca

The National Cancer Institute (Inca) released, this Wednesday (11/23), the report Estimate 2023 – Cancer Incidence in Brazil. The body of the Ministry of Health estimates 704,000 new diagnoses of the disease each year between 2023 and 2025. The southeast and south regions should concentrate 70% of annual cases, with a higher incidence of female breast, prostate and colon and rectum cancers .

The survey makes estimates for the next three years of the 21 most common types of cancer in the country. In this edition, those of pancreas and liver were included, due to their relevance as a public health problem in Brazil.

“Liver cancer appears among the ten most incidents in the northern region, being related to liver infections and chronic liver diseases. Pancreatic cancer is among the ten most incidents in the southern region, its main risk factors being obesity and smoking”, says researcher from INCA’s Prevention and Surveillance Coordination (Conprev) Marianna Cancela.

most recurrent types

The Inca report points to non-melanoma skin, female breast and prostate tumors as the most frequent in the country in the next three years, with 31.3%, 10.5% and 10.2% of total cases, respectively. Then come the colon and rectum (6.5%), lung (4.6%) and stomach (3.1%).

Among men, prostate cancer is predominant in all regions of the country, second only to non-melanoma skin cancer. The Inca estimates 72,000 new cases each year. In regions with the highest Human Development Index (HDI), malignant tumors of the colon and rectum occupy the second or third position. In those with lower HDI, stomach cancer is the second or third most frequent among them.

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For women, breast cancer appears to be the most incident, also behind non-melanoma skin cancer. 74,000 cases per year are expected by 2025. Next comes colorectal cancer, in the more developed regions, and cervical cancer, in those with the lowest HDI.

“Sociodemographic and cultural inequalities, as well as those related to the organization of health services in Brazilian geographic regions, reflect the differences in the ranking of types of cancer. This makes it possible to rethink the priorities of cancer control programs and establish additional actions aimed at the reality of each location”, says Inca’s Prevention and Surveillance coordinator, Liz Maria de Almeida.

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