Chicken: provision under scrutiny due to the effects of heat in hatcheries

In the city’s chicken shops they heard announcements about increases and shortages / César Santoro

The heat wave that affected the country a week ago left strong consequences in many poultry establishments and although there are still no shortages in poultry farms, there is concern about the alteration of the supply system that could begin to be noticed in a few days and its impact in the price of eggs and chicken, as traders and producers in the sector told this newspaper.

A local bird breeder reported that in some industrial farms, the birds live overcrowded, the air does not circulate and the heat is concentrated until it kills them, when the marks widely exceed 30 degrees, as was seen in the middle of the month.

“We know that many laying hens died in the Region and in cities like General Pirán. That would not happen if the chicken coops had a high ceiling that allowed air to circulate,” said the producer, who clarified that thousands of animals tend to be concentrated in the buildings where they are raised.

In a round of consultations carried out by EL DIA in different local businesses, it was indicated that some suppliers have already increased the value of the eggs under the argument that the offer has dropped as a result of the mortality.

It should be clarified that in the supermarkets it went from costing about 65 pesos for half a dozen eggs in a few days or charging for the same amount, 85 pesos.

“The suppliers told us that there may be a lack of eggs because many layers died due to the heat wave, but we still did not have any problems,” said a poultry farm on Diagonal 79.

Along the same lines, a merchant from Los Hornos spoke out and was also expectant about what might happen in the coming days. “If there is a shortage, we will notice it in a couple of weeks, not so soon, anyway, we receive many chickens from the province of Entre Ríos,” said Juan, a merchant near the center on Avenida 137.

Hernán Silva, president of the Rural Society of La Plata, told this newspaper last week that the weather affected “intensive activities such as poultry farming, where the mortality rate is very high, higher than the usual rates.”

In places like General Pirán, a city near Mar del Plata and considered one of the most important producers of broilers and layers, the heat wreaked havoc and hundreds of hens died.

As a result of the damage caused by the high temperatures -in the midst of a heat wave- to poultry production, the Buenos Aires Government and the Municipality of Mar Chiquita announced the implementation of a credit aid of 700,000 pesos to producers in that district.

Both in the towns of General Pirán and Coronel Vidal there was the death of a significant number of birds and it is believed that this will impact many points that were supplied by producers from those places.

Argentina, producing country

According to official data, Argentina is located in the top six of the countries that consume the most eggs per person. Per capita consumption is 284 eggs. In addition, a good part of the animal protein that the country consumes and exports comes from chicken meat.

Due to price and accessibility, it has been the second most consumed meat for years, with around 45 to 47 kilograms per inhabitant and per year.

In Argentina, there is an average population of 139 million industrial birds, of which 71.3 percent corresponds to broiler chickens, 27 percent to laying hens, 1.6 percent to breeding parents and grandparents of both genetic lines and the rest to non-industrial productions.

The national poultry production areas are concentrated in a greater proportion in the provinces of Entre Ríos 44.43% and Buenos Aires 42.43%, according to 2013 data. The rest of the production is distributed in Córdoba 5.10%, Santa Fe 4.20% and Rio Negro 2.84%. The remaining 1% is located in Neuquén, Mendoza and northwestern provinces. The birds are slaughtered, mainly, in 60 plants enabled by Senasa.

Leave a Comment