China has started building a new 100 GW solar and wind farm in the desert. This is more than the installed capacity of the whole of India in the field of renewable energies.
Two weeks before the COP26 strategic climate conference, China made some encouraging announcements. On October 13, during the convention on biological diversity, the country announced that it would continue to strongly develop renewable energies, especially in the desert areas of the country. Chinese President Xi Jinping revealed on this occasion that the first phase of construction of a massive solar and wind farm has started, indicates PV-Magazine.
This solar and wind farm will have a capacity of 100 GW, which is more than the installed capacity of the whole of India in the field of renewable energies. As of April 30, 2020, indicates Indian national investment agencyIndia thus had a total installed capacity for renewable energies of 87 GW (including 38 GW in wind power and 35 GW in solar). The future 100 GW park in China should be able to generate four times more energy than the giant Three Gorges dam, says Bloomberg. Rumors point to a more global project to build 400 GW parks in all, in the desert areas of China by 2025. As pointed out by the American media, these elements have not yet been confirmed.
China, champion of green energy?
With announcements of this type, China is seeking to position itself as a leader in the green economy. The point is, the country is the leading manufacturer of solar panels and wind turbines in the world. It is also the leading supplier of key materials in the manufacture of this equipment (silicon, glass, steel, copper, rare earths, etc.). ” China is at the center of the renewable energy market », summed up the IEA in May 2021. For several years, China has supplied about 40% of the increase in green electricity capacity.
The country – which is now the largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world – was surprised when it agreed to set deadlines to achieve carbon neutrality, the date on which a country managed to eliminate the almost all of its emissions and to compensate for the incompressible portion. China has indicated that it wants to reduce its emissions before 2030 and achieve zero carbon by 2060. This is the date that Russia has also decided to aim for, she revealed, October 14.
The fact that these countries, which emit a lot of greenhouse gases, agree to communicate a date is recent, and it is a step in the right direction. This should not, however, make us forget that the 2060 deadline is not the horizon to aim for. IPCC scientists are clear: to hope to keep climate change below the most alarming thresholds, it is imperative that the world reach zero carbon by 2050.