COP 27: the 6 keys to combat climate change in the next three decades

Each COP is a new opportunity to generate agreements to guarantee the climate security of the planet. Therefore, after the 27th United Nations Climate Conference, which took place in Sharm El-Sheik (Egypt) from November 6 to 18. In line with this, nature was present at the conference hand in hand with its top sustainability executives to highlight the priorities that it considers urgent to resolve in the face of the climate crisis.}

In its positioning, the cosmetics brand stands out six pillars to defend during the talks:

Race to Zero Carbon:

The climate emergency and the loss of biodiversity caused by human activities are a real and urgent threat to all forms of life on Earth. Inserting the biodiversity agenda into the business model of companies is essential to preserve and contain the current crisis and to design mitigation and adaptation strategies and action plans. The definition of action guidelines and impact indicators is essential to promote the positive trajectory in terms of biodiversity in the business sector, as well as to manage the risks and opportunities that lie ahead.

Efforts towards Net Zero must be aligned with a sense of urgency to stop and invest in the loss of biodiversity by 2030 to guarantee a future where reducing damage to nature and restoring ecosystems are essential. That is why it is necessary to promote a multisectoral and multilateral commitment to decarbonise the economy, so that it is possible to reduce emissions by half by 2030, reach Net Zero globally by 2050 and limit the increase in global average temperature to a maximum. of 1.5ºC.

two. Carbon Market with social inclusion:

An important decision that will be taken at this conference refers to the regulation of a global carbon market, which allows countries to transfer among themselves the results verified in the reduction of their greenhouse gas emissions, avoiding double counting of the reductions and ensuring global climate integrity.

The creation of this market, with innovative economic instruments and green and inclusive financing mechanisms, needs to reinforce, as a priority, the conservation of biomes and the protection of their socio-biodiversity.

Based on its experience of more than 20 years in the Amazon, Natura will bring to all forums the need for carbon market regulations to incorporate income generation mechanisms for local communities, which are the ones that effectively protect the forests. By not including these populations, you have a limited impact and miss the opportunity to be transformative, also, in a social aspect.

Bioeconomy with nature-based solutions and social inclusion:

Offset models derived from nature-based solutions must be a priority in the global carbon market, ensuring the regeneration and conservation of biodiversity, given its potential for carbon reduction and removal, and the benefits it generates in terms of adaptation to climate change. climate change, in addition to generating a positive social impact; prioritizing traditional peoples and communities as a strategic direction.

The opposition between economic development and forest conservation is a paradigm that must be deconstructed. To achieve this development, it is necessary to pay primary attention to investment in bioeconomy, technology and research.

Zero deforestation in the Amazon and in production chains:

It is essential to act to stop and reverse the loss of biodiversity before 2030 with actions to stop deforestation and promote the conservation and regeneration of ecosystems. In this sense, progress must be made in understanding the impacts and dependencies and ensuring chains free of deforestation and guided by fair trade.

The Amazon plays a fundamental role in the fight against climate change and in the conservation of global biodiversity. About 60% of the Brazilian territory is occupied by this biome, which is also present in nine countries. It provides essential ecosystem factors for the climate, agriculture and the well-being of the population by protecting the soil, regulating the rainfall system in various regions of Latin America, acting to capture and store carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and guaranteeing life.

Two-thirds of Brazil’s national greenhouse gas emissions are the result of land use, and 40% of these come from deforestation on public lands or even in areas protected by law. On the contrary, appropriate land use offers vast potential for carbon sequestration, for example, through the conservation of standing forests, the regeneration of pastures and degraded areas, or through sustainable agricultural production. But inaction generates direct effects for the economy of the Pan-Amazon countries, who need to keep the forest standing if they want to reach relevant positions in world geopolitics, which is why it is essential to defend zero deforestation in the Pan-Amazon.

A study conducted by the I reveals that, in 2021, for the first time, parts of the Amazon emitted more CO2 than they can absorb. In other words, a part of the forest can no longer act as a “humidifier” for the world and is about to become a source of carbon emissions into the atmosphere. In this context, Natura, Mapbiomas, InfoAmazonia and Hacklab created , a tool to monitor deforestation in real time. The portal acts as a global platform for collective mobilization to protect this biome.

5. Environmental Justice and Human Rights:

The regulation of the global carbon market and socio-environmental policies must recognize the role of indigenous communities, quilombolas and family farmers in the conservation of the environment, promoting payments for environmental services through the sharing of benefits and associated traditional knowledge, reducing the inequalities that fall on traditional populations and small producers.

The most vulnerable populations for reasons of gender, culture and income are the ones that have contributed the least to the current scenario of carbon emissions, but they are the ones that pay the highest price for it.

Financing is essential to support the adaptation of these populations to the effects of this crisis, enabling access to low-carbon technologies and renewable energies. This is why the brand defends the equitable transfer of low-carbon technologies for promote economic and social development in countries that bear less historical responsibility for global warming.

Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol:

The Brazilian company is convinced that It is increasingly necessary to include other actors in the strategy to apply effective and agile rules of access, research, development of ingredients, products and services through biodiversity and associated traditional knowledge, always valuing the consent of the groups that own the such knowledge.

Through this summit, the participating countries will have the challenge of debating strategies on how to responsibly manage and simplify the rules of access and benefit sharing.

In this context of climate emergency, these points are absolutely necessary to promote a new economy with the climate issue as a structural and priority component.

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