The election results do not turn out as expected. The country is facing an unprecedented institutional situation. For lack of a clear majority in the Assembly, it seems ungovernable. A specter reappears immediately: René Coty to the rescue! it’s the return of the Fourth Republic! Buried by the return to power of De Gaulle in 1958, this unfortunate regime, installed in 1946, remains the most unloved in our history. Is comparing it with what we are experiencing today appropriate? Are we so sure that the apparently wobbly configuration in which our country finds itself is incompatible with the institutions of the Fifth Republic? While everyone is freaking out about what the future may be, let’s try the historical focus.
Why is the Fourth Republic so unloved?
Because it ended badly. Stuck in the Algerian quagmire from which its governments do not know how to get out, it was swept away in May 1958 by huge demonstrations in AIger by pied-noirs who obtained through the streets the return to command of Charles de Gaulle, in whom (naively) they see their savior. Paradoxically, it also got off to a bad start. In 1944, liberated France was led by the same General de Gaulle, a hero of London who relied on the three great political forces born out of the Resistance, the Christian Democrats, the Socialists, the Communists (we speak of “tripartism” ). Their aim is to rebuild the country and give it a
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