Hypoglycemia: What happens when blood glucose levels drop? How to know if the patient’s life is in danger

If your family member or friend who has diabetes begins to behave a little ‘strange’ and you notice that they have more anxiety than normal, their blood pressure rises, their pupils dilate and they become very sleepy and to the point of losing stability, be careful! !, because it is giving warning signs and your health could be at risk, since your blood sugar levels should be lower than normal and you are presenting a hypoglycemia.

The endocrinologist at the Ricardo Palma Clinic, Jesús Rocca, comments that hypoglycemia is a state in which blood glucose levels are decreased. It is considered pathological (normal) when it is below 70. However, hypoglycemia that endangers health is when it is below 55 to 50.

What warning signs does the body give when sugar levels are low?

When glucose levels begin to drop in the body, it begins to give signals. And it is the central nervous system that is responsible for detecting this fall. The brain detects the drop in glucose and immediately sends signals to a gland above the kidneys called the adrenal glandwhich is basically the adrenal medulla that is responsible for releasing in fractions of a second the so-called catecholamines what are they: the adrenaline and noradrenaline. These released hormones produce in the body: anxiety, palpitations, heart rates accelerate, blood pressure rises, pupils dilate, the skin becomes cold and sweaty and there is more blood going to the muscles. The body prepares to flee, because the hypoglycemia is the biggest stress that one can have.

The patient with hypoglycemia becomes more anxious than normal

Hypoglycemia causes the patient to have anxiety, but it is exaggerated due to the drop in glucose and is known as adrenergic symptoms.

How does the brain suffer when blood levels are very low?

When the patient has very low glucose levels (below 50), the brain suffers and there may be brain symptoms such as: drowsiness, stupor, coma or seizures, as these are severe cases.

What should we do if our patient triggers hypoglycemia at home?

If the person with diabetes has hypoglycemia, they should consume something sugary to raise glucose levels, but it is important that they visit a doctor to verify their treatment.

In what other cases can hypoglycemia occur?

Hypoglycemia is not a common condition, it occurs in people who have a predisposition to have this problem. It usually occurs in diabetic people, who use drugs that can lower glucose such as: insulin or oral antidiabetics, but it can also occur in people whose kidney or liver is failing, people with kidney failure, cirrhotic people or people who have neoplasms. older people with cancers neoplasms, people who have deficiencies of certain hormones such as the pituitary gland, hypopituitarism. When there is a picture of hypoglycemia, you have to go to the doctor to investigate the cause.

Can patients with diabetes stop having hypoglycemia?

It depends on the cause. If hypoglycemia is associated with drugs, the doctor has to change or suspend them. If it is due to organic status; for example, adrenal insufficiency or hypopituitarism with hormone replacement improves everything.

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