Irritable bowel syndrome: Know what the symptoms are and which people are most prone to this disease

The main symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are: abdominal pain, change in bowel habits (diarrhea, constipation or both), abdominal distension and flatulence. The people most likely to suffer from this condition are between 20 and 50 years of age, sedentary, with inadequate eating habits and other associated conditions such as stress.

It is estimated that 15% of Peruvians suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a percentage well above the global average, which varies between 3.8% and 9%, as explained by Dr. Marco Pesantez, medical manager Sanofi Consumption Massive for the Andean region, Central America and the Caribbean. “IBS is a chronic pathology of the gastrointestinal system of unknown cause and associated with multiple factors such as stress, diet, sedentary lifestyle, among others. Approximately 70% of patients with this condition have no diagnosis and, consequently, do not receive adequate treatment. “, he adds.

According to the specialist, when a person with IBS does not treat the disease, their quality of life and their personal and professional development are affected, since the inconveniences it produces can cause everything from absenteeism from work or school to worsening psychiatric disorders. the patient’s condition.

How to recognize the symptoms?

It is important to recognize the symptoms of the disease, such as abdominal pain, change in bowel habits (diarrhea, constipation or both), abdominal distension, flatulence, among others. “There are warning signs that allow us to know when we are not facing Irritable Bowel Syndrome, such as bleeding associated with bowel movements, fever and weight loss. When these red flags are identified, you should immediately see a doctor for immediate treatment,” he says.

A diet that does not cause discomfort

On the other hand, the expert explains that, although there is no cure for IBS, it can be controlled and the patient’s life can be improved. According to the specialist, the disease should be managed comprehensively: have a treatment that attacks the symptoms of the disease; follow a diet that includes all food groups, but excludes those that cause discomfort (grains, broccoli, lactose, etc.); perform physical activity on a regular basis; and manage stress or other psychiatric conditions that are included in the patient’s condition.

“Specialists and international entities such as the American College of Gastroenterology recommend peppermint oil to control and relieve IBS symptoms, since its benefits have been clinically proven and it adapts to the current trends of people, who are increasingly opting for alternatives. 100% natural, effective and safe”, highlights the doctor.

Likewise, the specialist reiterates the importance of leading a healthy lifestyle to prevent the development of pathologies such as IBS. “The people most likely to suffer from this condition are between 20 and 50 years of age, they are sedentary, with inadequate eating habits and other associated conditions such as stress,” he concludes.

It may interest you:

How to reduce the risk of stomach cancer through diet?

Leave a Comment