Parents play a fundamental role in the education and health of children, so it is important that they are aware that their children carry out a correct oral hygiene routine. According to the Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), the mouth is home to more than 700 varieties of bacteria. In addition, caries is considered the most common oral disease in children.
“Dental caries is an infectious and highly contagious disease caused by some microorganisms present in the mouth, which produce an acid that destroys teeth and infections. Therefore, carrying out a routine and generating healthy habits in children will be important to avoid dental loss, severe infections and other oral diseases in the future.”, indicated Ítalo Funes Rumiche, former director of the Dental College of Peru.
Steps to maintain children’s oral health
It should be noted that, according to the Rural Remote Health study published in 2020, the prevalence of adequate oral hygiene practices in children under 12 years of age was 57.3% in urban areas and 38.3% in rural areas. For this reason, the specialist provides the following steps for parents to take into account for the benefit and well-being of their children’s oral health:
- Suitable brush: As a first step, the boy or girl must learn brushing techniques for proper oral cleaning. This should be repeated 2 to 3 times a day at a minimum.
- Toothpaste: Also, brushing should be supplemented with an age-appropriate fluoride dental gel. It should be noted that, since 2007, the Ministry of Health (MINSA) recommends the use of toothpaste gels with concentrations of 1,000 to 1,500 ppm of fluoride from the appearance of the first tooth.
- Mouthwash: After that, use mouthwash with CPC (Cetylpyridinium Chloride). These can already be used from 5 years onwards. Likewise, the specialist points out that it is recommended that the mouthwash does not contain alcohol so as not to damage the oral cavity.
- Floss: It is also recommended to use dental floss (with adult supervision) to remove bacterial plaque where the brush cannot reach.
- Periodic visits to the dental surgeon: Finally, it is important to go to the dental surgeon at least twice a year, since the probability of caries increases as time goes by, and more so if the child does not have proper oral hygiene.