The kidney infections are caused by bacteria or some virus present in your kidneys. They are considered as serious and must be processed immediately.
When bacteria or viruses enter your kidneys, usually through the urinary tract, they can cause a kidney infection. If you have symptoms such as pain on the sides of the lower back, fever, chills or pain when urinating, contact your doctor immediately. Kidney infection can be serious if left untreated.
A kidney infection occurs when bacteria or viruses enter your kidneys. Kidney infections can affect both or just one of your kidneys. A kidney infection is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI).
What are the symptoms of a kidney infection?
The symptoms of a kidney infection are the following :
- Fever ;
- Diseases of the stomach;
- Pain in the lower back, on one or both sides or in the groin;
- Urinate more often than normal;
- Impression of wanting to urinate, even if you have just gone there;
- Pain or burning when urinating;
- Presence of blood or pus (thick, white or yellow liquid) in the urine;
- Cloudy or foul-smelling urine;
If you notice any of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.
Also, to find out if you have a kidney infection, doctors may do tests such as:
- Urinalysis to look for bacteria or other signs of infection, such as white blood cells, in your urine;
- Blood tests;
- Of the imaging tests to examine your kidneyssuch as an x-ray, ultrasound or CT scan;
- A rectal exam for men, during which the doctor checks if the prostate is blocking the flow of urine.
What causes a kidney infection?
Bacteria or viruses that cause kidney infections usually come from another part of the urinary tract, such as the bladder, ureters, urethra and spread to the kidneys.
A kidney infection can also occur if the flow of urine through the urinary tract is blocked. This can happen because of:
- kidney stones;
- A hypertrophy of the prostate ;
- A problem with the shape of the urinary tract that makes it harder to pass urine.
A kidney infection is not contagious: you cannot catch it from another person or spread it if you have it.
How can I prevent kidney infections?
You can reduce your risk of getting a kidney infection by adopting these habits:
- To drink a lot of water ;
- Urinate as soon as you feel the need;
- Urinate after sex;
- If you are a woman, wipe from front to back after using the bathroom. This helps prevent bacteria from the vagina or anus from entering the urethra.
- Avoid using deodorant sprays or douches in your genital area.
- Get treatment for constipation. This is not a symptom of kidney infection, but it can increase the risk of bacteria in the urinary tract, as it can make it difficult to empty the bladder completely.
The Urology Department of Anadolu Medical Center
The Anadolu Medical Center Urology Clinic supports female, male and pediatric patients in different practice areas for various diseases. The Centre’s physicians assess patients using a multidisciplinary approach in the outpatient clinic, urodynamic laboratory, same-day surgery department, and emergency department.
Moreover, the Anadolu Center Urology Department offers a multidisciplinary approach in the treatment of urological cancers in cooperation with the departments of medical oncology and radiation oncology.
The urological emergencies What Anadolu Medical Center Urology Clinic Treats:
- Kidney damage;
- Injuries of the urinary bladder and urethra;
- Fracture of the penis;
- Testicular torsion;
The urological infections What Anadolu Medical Center Urology Clinic Treats:
- Cystitis (inflammation of the bladder);
- Pyelonephritis (kidney infection);
- Prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate);
- Orchitis – epididymitis (inflammation of the testicles);
- Urinary tract infections in pregnant women.
General urological diseases and treatment
– Kidney, urethral and bladder stones:
- Drug therapy;
- Surgical treatment (endoscopic stone removal procedures, PNL- percutaneous nephrolithotomy, endoscopic urethral stone removal- laser lithotripsy, RIRS-retrograde intrarenal surgery (flexible URS) endoscopic bladder stone removal).
– Hydrocele (accumulation of fluid in the testicles).
– Hydronephrosis (dilation of the kidneys due to a stone or an obstruction due to congenital ureteral stenosis).
– Obstruction of the uretero-pelvic junction (dilation of the kidneys following an obstruction due to congenital ureteral stenosis).
- Insertion of a catheter through the skin under ultrasound guidance (percutaneous nephrostomy).
- Endoscopic surgery (insertion of a DJ stent).
- Robotic / laparoscopic / open surgery (pyeloplasty).
– Kidney cysts
- Ultrasonic monitoring;
- Robotics / Laparoscopy / Open surgery.
– Neurogenic bladder (dysfunction of bladder control)
- Urodynamic examination;
- Bladder augmentation surgery;