Learn 6 necessary steps to ensure correct use of sunscreen
Data released by the Brazilian Society of Dermatology show that more than 60% of Brazilians do not use sunscreens on a daily basis. The lack of habit can lead both to the occurrence of skin cancer and to aesthetic problems, such as melasma and stains.
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Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the country, according to the National Cancer Institute (Inca). The disease can appear in any part of the body and, when identified early, has a good chance of cure.Peter Dazeley/Getty Images
Exaggerated and unprotected sun exposure throughout life, in addition to episodes of sunburn, is the main risk factor for skin cancer. According to Inca, there are several types of the disease, which are generally classified as melanoma and non-melanoma. Barcin/Getty Images
Non-melanoma cases are more frequent and have high cure rates. Also, this is the most common type in people over 40 and fair-skinned.BSIP/UIG/Getty Images
Melanoma, in turn, has fewer registered cases and is more serious, due to the possibility of spreading to other parts of the body. That’s why it’s important to make periodic visits to the dermatologist and ask about suspicious signs.JUAN GAERTNER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty Images
Despite being a health problem that can affect anyone, there are profiles that are more prone to the development of skin cancer, such as: having light skin, hair and eyes, family history of the disease, having multiple moles on the body, being an immunosuppressed and/or transplanted patientJodiJacobson/Getty Images
According to experts, it is important to investigate whenever a mole or mole presents asymmetry, has a rough or irregular edge, has two or more colors, has a diameter greater than six millimeters, or changes size over time. All these signs can indicate the presence of a melanoma.kali9/Getty Images
The first signs of non-melanone tend to look like a discolored lump, spot, or sore that doesn’t heal and continues to grow. In addition, it may also have a smooth, shiny appearance and/or look like a wart.Peter Dazeley/Getty Images
The sign can cause itching, crusting, erosions, or bleeding over weeks or even years. In most cases, this cancer is red and firm and can develop into an ulcer. The marks are similar to scars and tend to be flat and scaly.Getty Images
Skin cancer usually appears in parts of the body where there is greater exposure to the sun, being closely associated with inadequate protection with sunscreens.Callista Images/Getty Images
According to the National Cancer Institute, non-melanone tends to be completely cured when detected early. It rarely develops to other parts of the body, but if not identified in time, it can move to deeper layers of the skin, making treatment difficult.SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty Images
The diagnosis of skin cancer is made by the dermatologist through a clinical examination. In certain situations, it may be necessary to carry out the exam known as “Dermoscopy”, which consists of using a device that allows you to visualize layers of the skin that are not seen with the naked eye. In more specific situations it is necessary to perform a biopsyNoctiluxx/Getty Images
According to the Ministry of Health, “cancer surgery is the most suitable treatment to treat skin cancer to remove the lesion, which, in early stages, can be performed without hospitalization”lissart/Getty Images
Still according to the folder, “in more advanced cases, however, the treatment will vary according to the condition in which the tumor is found, and radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be indicated, in addition to surgery.”ALFRED PASIEKA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty Images
Among the recommendations for the prevention of skin cancer are: avoid exposure to the sun, use sunglasses with UV protection, as well as umbrellas, parasols, wide-brimmed hats and clothes that protect the body. In addition, of course, to the daily use of sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or more.franckreporter/Getty Images
In addition to using protector, it is also necessary to learn to pass it correctly. Coordinator of the Pharmacy course at Faculdade Unime, biomedical Amanda Catarina gives tips that guarantee the greatest effectiveness of the product.
Check out 6 important tips to ensure the effects of sunscreen:
Apply sunscreen on the skin that is still dry, at least 15 minutes before sun exposure;
Reapply sunscreen every 2 hours;
Choose a sunscreen specific to your skin’s needs;
Also use a lip balm and a sunscreen for the face;
Separate a brush or sponge so you don’t apply the protector on the face directly with your hands;
Apply the protector all over the body evenly, also covering the feet and ears.
Amanda Catarina explains that the use of the protector brings other benefits to the health of the skin, in addition to the prevention of diseases. “The habit of using sunscreen results in a more beautiful and well-treated skin. The protection mitigates the effects caused by acne, micropigmentation caused by some dermatological procedures and all this delays aging”, she points out.
She also details that, regardless of the climatic context, the use of sunscreen should be maintained. “We always reinforce that use is continuous, regardless of weather conditions, with an SPF above 30 for adequate protection. The use must be constant in any environment, indoors or outdoors”, he adds.
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