Learn to identify diabetes mellitus and how to deal with the disease
According to the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology (SBEM), diabetes is a chronic disease that can manifest itself in two different ways: deficiencies in the production of insulin and interference in the action of the substance produced by the body.
According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), since 2019 there has been a 16% increase in diabetes cases worldwide. This means that in less than three years, more than 70 million people have developed the disease. In Brazil, the entity believes that there may be up to 16 million sick individuals. The Brazilian Society of Diabetes (SBD) estimates that at least 12.5 million Brazilians have diabetes.
“There is immune substrate diabetes, called type 1 diabetes, which we find more often in children and adolescents and sometimes in young adults. It is a disease in the immune system, where there is, from the beginning, a deficit of insulin production. And you have type 2 diabetes, the most common. It is not a disease that starts with a deficiency in insulin production, but a failure of insulin action”, says cardiologist Abrão Cury, from Hcor, Hospital do Coração.
Anyone with diabetes knows that there are many foods that should be avoided, especially those rich in bad fats, salt and, of course, sugar. On the other hand, there is also a list of foods that should be included in the menu to help keep blood sugar levels in check.The Picture Pantry/Getty Images
One of the natural foods that can help manage diabetes is salmon, which is rich in essential nutrients like vitamin D, protein and niacin. Not to mention omega-3s, which can help protect heart health and reduce inflammation associated with the disease.Catherine Falls Commercial/Getty Images
Orange is another natural food that can help control diabetes, because in addition to helping to reduce cholesterol levels, it has fibers that help in the compaction of the time in which the fruit sugar is absorbed in the body. This helps to control blood glucose. In addition, it also has a low glycemic index.Alexander Spatari/Getty Images
Kale is rich in several essential nutrients for people with diabetes. That’s because in addition to having vitamins A, C, B6 and K, it also has folic acid, magnesium, calcium, fibers, oxidants and bile acid sequestrants, substances that lower cholesterol and limit the absorption of fat by the body.LauriPatterson/ Getty Images
Oatmeal is one of the natural foods that have beta-glucan in its composition, a kind of heart-healthy fiber that slows down digestion and, consequently, prevents blood sugar from going out of control.Dougal Waters/Getty Images
Beans are high-fiber and protein-rich foods with a low glycemic index, which help prevent fluctuations in blood sugar levels and also slow the rise in glucose levels. Aleksandr Zubkov/Getty Images
According to experts from the Annals of Family Medicine, cinnamon is quite beneficial to help control blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. This is because it is able to decrease the levels of glycated hemoglobin and improve the availability of insulin. Westend61/ Getty Images
Consumption of small portions (at least five times a day) of flaxseeds is recommended for people with diabetes. In addition to being a source of magnesium, which helps to control the release of insulin in the body and control blood glucose, it is also rich in fiber and good fats.Arletta Cwalina / EyeEm / Getty Images
Excellent source of unsaturated fats, which lowers bad cholesterol and increases good ones, low in carbohydrates and rich in magnesium, protein, iron, zinc, fiber and vitamins B and E, almonds help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and also help control the diseaseElizaveta Antropova/ Getty Images
Indicated for those with diabetes, heart disease and cancer, green tea helps regulate glucose in the body and is rich in polyphenols and antioxidants.ATU Images/ Getty Images
Apple cider vinegar is another natural food that helps in controlling diabetes. That’s because it helps to slow down the absorption of sugar and significantly improves insulin sensitivity or resistance to it. Daily consumption of the equivalent of two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar added to meals is recommended.jayk7/ Getty Images
What some may not know is that type 2 diabetes, in most cases, can be avoided with healthy habits. Excessive consumption of foods with a high glycemic index and a sedentary lifestyle are the main causes of the disease.
“Information and knowledge should be considered the two most important pillars for reducing the incidence and/or adherence to treatment by patients. In this way, we will be able to improve prevention programs, as well as adequately treat patients already diagnosed. It is also important to map other patients who have not yet been diagnosed, drastically reducing the number of complications”, says the endocrinologist of the SBD’s technology nucleus, Márcio Krakauer.