Legislative 2022: five things to know about the new National Assembly

While more than 48 million voters were called to the polls this Sunday for the second round of legislative elections, only 46% of them turned out to elect the new National Assembly. The presidential coalition Together! of Emmanuel Macron comes first but largely loses its absolute majority, while Nupes becomes the main opposition force. The National Rally of Marine Le Pen, meanwhile, made a historic breakthrough in the Hemicycle. Decryption.

Victory is bitter. The presidential coalition Together! (LREM, MoDem, Agir and Horizons) finally managed to come out on top in the second round of the legislative elections by winning 200 to 260 seats in the National Assembly, according to estimates by polling institutes at 8 p.m., but remains very far from absolute majority fixed at 289 seats. If confirmed, these unprecedented results under the Fifth Republic raise the question of Emmanuel Macron’s ability to be able to govern the country and get the promised reforms passed. And several figures of Macronie have failed to get elected: the current Minister of Health Brigitte Bourguignon, the President of the National Assembly Richard Ferrand or the former Minister of the Interior Christophe Castaner.

“We will deal with all those who want to move the country forward, the hand is outstretched,” said government spokeswoman Olivia Grégoire on Sunday. She also expressed “her concern at such high extremes” on the set of France 2.

The presidential camp will now have to fight against a united and powerful left (LFI, PS, EELV and PCF), which becomes the main opposition force with 150 to 198 deputies, according to various polling institutes. In the first round, the outgoing majority came neck and neck – around 26% of the vote – with the left alliance.

The rebellious MP Clémentine Autain hailed this Sunday “the incredible breakthrough” made by the left-wing coalition in the second round of the legislative elections, seeing it as a “validation of the strategy carried by Jean-Luc Mélenchon”. “It is an incredible breakthrough, a validation of a strategy carried out by Jean-Luc Mélenchon, that is to say of a gathering of the forces of social and ecological transformation on the basis of an in-depth change in the society”, she said on the set of France 2.

It is a historic breakthrough. The far-right party managed to win between 60 and 102 seats in the Assembly, which allows it to easily form a parliamentary group – at least 15 deputies. The party of Marine Le Pen, also re-elected in Pas-de-Calais, had only succeeded once in its history, from 1986 to 1988, during the time of the National Front and thanks to a proportional vote.

Elected deputy for the first constituency of Polynesia, this 21-year-old Polynesian separatist supported by Nupes is the youngest elected deputy of the Fifth Republic. Born in 2000 in Papeete and after having obtained a double degree in political science and history at the University of Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint Denis, the young man suspended his master’s degree in political science at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales ( EHESS) to campaign in Polynesia.

During his studies, he notably chaired the French Polynesian Students’ Association (AEPF), then the Federation of French Polynesian Student Associations (FAEPF). Tematai Le Gayic fought against student precariousness and defended access to culture through Tahitian and Polynesian dance classes. The accession to full sovereignty of French Polynesia constitutes the basis of his political commitment, but he also wishes to protect local employment and the land, as well as to propose a Maohi citizenship. The youngest of the Assembly also campaigns for the adaptation of higher education to Polynesian realities and for the protection of the environment.

Abstention reached this Sunday between 53.5% and 54%, up more than one point from the first round (52.49%). Some 26 million French people, and more than one in two voters, therefore once again shunned the ballot box, and did not participate in the election of the new National Assembly. However, abstention will not reach the record for the second round of 2017 (57.36%).


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