Nearly half of the departments have decided to raise the speed from 80 to 90 km/h on part of their road network. A measure yet considered effective in lowering the death rate of motorists according to Road Safety.
And one more. This Monday, August 1, 6940 kilometers of departmental roads in the Puy-de-Dôme go back to 90 km / h. The department joins the rank of refractory to 80km / h. A measure desired by former Prime Minister Édouard Philippe four years ago to reduce mortality on small roads, but a decision which had angered part of the French.
According to Drivers Defense League, opposed to 80 km / h, 45 departments have, or are about to backtrack, renouncing to apply the measure on certain roads. This represents nearly 14% of the departmental network (52,000 kilometers).
7 departments have completely given up on 80 km/h
Nothing illegal since the LOM law (mobility orientation law), passed at the end of December 2019, authorizes the departments to raise the speed limit to 90 km / h on sections passed to 80 km / h on July 1, 2018.
Concretely, seven departments have given up 80km / h on all roads, namely Puy-de-Dôme, Aveyron, Allier, Creuse, Corrèze, Cantal and Ardèche, which will go back to 90km /h on September 1.
The other 38 returned to 90 km/h on only part of their road network. You can check the details on the map below.
Road Safety lists a little less. According to its latest count made on the basis of the census of prefectural decrees, on July 29, 41 departments had returned to 90 km / h on part of their network, against 54 departments remaining at 80 km / h. The latter are therefore still in the majority.
“We gain 10 minutes in the morning and 10 minutes in the evening”
“We want to show that we have to let rural departments like the Ardèche and many others breathe, summarizes on BFMTV Olivier Amrane, LR president of the Ardèche department. This decision was a unilateral decision that came down from Paris in 2018, without consultation with the rural departments and what is important to specify is that we do not want to model things on the metropolises or the agglomerations as we can do at home. Because at home we do not speak in kilometers but in car time”.
“With this return to 90, over 50 kilometers one way and 50 kilometers return, we gain 10 minutes in the morning and 10 minutes in the evening, this is not negligible when you have work schedules or when you have to drop off your children at the crèche or at school”, continues Olivier Amrane.
An effective measure on mortality and ecology
Still, lowering the speed to 80km/h seems to have fulfilled its primary purpose. According to figures from the Interministerial Delegation for Road Safety, cited by Le Parisien, in 2021, the number of deaths on the network outside the urban area of the 38 departments which had opted for the increase in speed returned to the level recorded in 2019. While mortality on the network outside urban areas in departments that have remained at 80 km/h is 16.3% lower than in 2019.
Thanks to the successive heat waves, another argument for 80km/h is emerging: that of the reduction in emissions and consequently in purchasing power.
“By going from 90 to 80 km/h, over a year in France, we save a million tonnes of CO2, underlines the environmentalist senator for French people living abroad Mélanie Vogel. We also save 500 million liters of gasoline. 2 euros per liter is still a billion euros and I think that is the purchasing power that the people who are most dependent on their car need. It is a measure that is good for the climate but which is also good for purchasing power”.
A measure that some motorists may be waiting for, with prices remaining high at the pump, despite a further drop last week.