Mexican scientists save elite henequen, the ‘green gold’ of Yucatan

Our mission is to promote the cultivation of henequen in the state for its indisputable quality, but hand in hand with producers”, specified Francisco Javier García, director of technological management of the Yucatan Scientific Research Center (CICY).

It is estimated that with henequen elite can also be rescued shredders that still exist in Yucatanbecause they will create more fiber for the entrepreneurs who started buying in Brazil” when the state stopped producing them.

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Likewise, the hope of henequen renaissance resurfaces by the current trend of consumption of the natural.

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Every time the market demands products made with natural raw materials so as not to represent a pollution problem for the planet.Garcia explained.

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$! Workers work in a henequen processing plant in the municipality of Telchac Pueblo, Yucatan (Mexico).

Workers work in a henequen processing plant in the municipality of Telchac Pueblo, Yucatan (Mexico).

It is thanks to this type of market that adds value to the fiber obtained from the henequen elite.

Because we are no longer in the past centuries, when in Yucatan only ropes and sacks were produced, now we are looking for other types of products, such as the design and creation of rugs, rugs, handicrafts, clothing accessories and an alcoholic beverage.Garcia commented.

On the other hand, scientists will look for promote again the tequila created from henequenwhich was previously in high demand, just like the fiber in ropes.

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Meanwhile, García indicated that the CICY project is already beginning to bear fruit, since From 2017 to date, more than 700,000 elite plants were distributed to 100 producers from various municipalities..

$! Workers work in a henequen processing plant in the municipality of Telchac Pueblo, Yucatan (Mexico).

Workers work in a henequen processing plant in the municipality of Telchac Pueblo, Yucatan (Mexico).

Now we see the results: growers acknowledge that the elite species grew faster, with more and longer leaves for higher fiber contentGarcia pointed out.

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In order to obtain these achievements, the scientists visited crops and chose the plants that had more leaves, more resistant and more robust, with good performance in the field and pest and disease tolerant.

Once they were detected, the plants were introduced to specific processes of genetic improvement with the aim of multiplying them in vitro in laboratories of the CICY.

Then the in vitro plants were subjected to a growth rate whose stimulus is still preserved in the field, “making the stems grow in three years so that the plantation is used moreGarcia said.

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On average, a plant henequen it takes between five to six years to begin to give useful leaves for the fiber extraction.

For his part, Bernardino Martín Chan, president of the Association of Autonomous Parcelarios de Yucatán and administrator of the José María Morelos shredding plant, highlighted the benefits of henequen elite.

The new CICY henequen plants do grow fast and are longer, if they were distributed throughout the state we would once again have the splendor of yesteryear, because the best henequen in the world is from Yucatan”, Martin Chan.

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Likewise, Martín Chan believes that it is necessary for the federal government to make an agreement with the CICY with the purpose that the distribution of agave is free in the 106 municipalities of the State.

It can be achieved with the Sowing Life program”, assured the administrator of the shredder that opened 60 years ago and continues to give work to the peasants of the region.

With information from the EFE Agency.

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