Minutes of militarization advance in the Senate

Mayolo López / Reform Agency

Monday, September 19, 2022 | 21:14

Mexico City.- In Senate commissions, with the formula of the simple majority, Morena and her allies circumvented the resistance of the Opposition without much problem and pushed the minute that extends until 2028 the period in which the Army can deal with public security tasks.

However, it is expected that Morena will not find things so easy on Wednesday, when the reform promoted by the PRI is voted by the plenary session, where the votes that cover two thirds of the attending senators will be needed.

“We must not act selfishly or with partisan acronyms,” argued the Morenoist Félix Salgado Macedonio, reluctant for the discussion to go on longer than it should.

His co-religionist José Antonio Álvarez Lima argued that the task of pacifying the country is not over. “All the polls show the good image of the Navy and the Army. We need the Army and the Navy to continue supporting local police for a few more years,” he said.

For the PRI -party that promoted the initiative in San Lázaro-, Senator Claudia Ruiz Massieu voted against; her co-religionist Sylvana Beltrones abstained.

Incisively, Ruiz Massieu warned that the reform will end up “turning the National Guard into a military body,” in addition to the fact that “there is enormous stubbornness to justify a failed public security strategy that has not produced results in three years. It is about follow a slogan.

Beltrones proposed in vain that the Governors be summoned to give their point of view regarding the public security strategy.

The coordinator of the Citizen Movement (MC), Clemente Castañeda, agreed with the diagnosis: “If today the Armed Forces continue to be important for public security tasks, it is due to the responsibility of this Government, which has abandoned the local police, and as long as there is no acknowledgment of failure, there will be no efficient security strategy

“What they are proposing here is actually prolonging a security strategy that has failed, not now, but for many years and there is no alternative approach. This reform is a vile simulation.”

The founder of the plural group, Germán Martínez, recalled that since 1996, with Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León, the military had gradually been gaining ground.

“A civilian should be above a military. We are installing the lie that the civil power rules over the military,” he protested.

The ex-morenista senator questioned General Luis Crescencio Sandoval for the controversial speech he gave on September 13 during the commemoration of the Children Heroes, with which he lashed out at critics of the Armed Forces and slipped a veiled threat.

“No, Mr. Crescencio Sandoval. No, General, I do not accept that speech. As a representative of the Nation, my comments against bad members of the Armed Forces are not biased comments. They are freedom of expression, Mr. General. And I have no military jurisdiction because we have already removed it. Mr. Secretary of Defense: if you are going to take care of us as you took care of the children in the massacre of Allende, Coahuila, the future of this country is black, “he warned.

In tune with Germán Martínez, Morenoite senator Eduardo Ramírez Aguilar acknowledged that it was a “very delicate” issue for political positions to be expressed in the Army.

PAN member Damián Zepeda highlighted the fact that, overnight, “the brutal attack” against the deputy and national leader of the PRI, Alejandro Moreno, had vanished, revealing that justice had been used politically and reached a political agreement between the Government and the PRI to promote the reform.

“Any person who has the slightest reason in politics realizes what happened,” said the PAN member.

PRD member Miguel Ángel Mancera warned that normalizing the presence of the Armed Forces is contrary to the constitutional order. “The reform was done by steam, it’s sending the National Guard to war without a rifle,” he warned.

In the Constitutional Points commission, the opinion passed with nine votes in favor, five against and one abstention from the PRI member Sylvana Beltrones. In the Second Legislative Studies, with nine votes in favor and five against.

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