Monkeypox: 10 countries outside of Africa have cases.  see list

Monkeypox: Know the main symptoms and how it is treated

The government of the Federal District announced this Tuesday (21/6) that it is investigating a suspected case of monkeypox. The patient is a young man, between 20 and 29 years old, who is being followed up by the local health department. Endemic in part of the African continent, the disease is already present in at least 40 countries and has more than 2,000 confirmed diagnoses. In Brazil, the Ministry of Health has identified eight cases so far.

Despite not being recognized as a lethal condition – there are no records of any deaths from the disease in the current outbreak – the World Health Organization (WHO) is due to meet on Friday (24/6) to define whether smallpox is classified monkeys as a global public health emergency, on the same level as Covid-19.

Symptoms

The incubation period for the virus that causes the disease varies from seven to 21 days. Symptoms usually appear 10 or 14 days after the moment of infection. The first signs are fever, malaise and pain. About three days later, patients start to have blisters all over their body – similar to chickenpox. The illness ends in a period of between three and four weeks.

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how to catch

The transmission of the virus that causes monkeypox between humans occurs mainly through contact with respiratory secretions, skin lesions of infected people or objects that have been used by patients.

In the current outbreak, there has been a prevalence of cases among men who have sex with men. However, so far, there is no evidence that transmission between patients was through sexual contact.

“Standard transmission is through contact with lesions and respiratory secretions. The hypothesis of sexual contact, until proven, only generates prejudice”, comments infectious disease specialist Ana Helena Germoglio, from the Federal District.

Health officials urge people who experience unusual skin changes to see a doctor immediately.

Treatment

It is usually not necessary to carry out specific treatment for monkeypox, as the symptoms disappear within a few weeks. The doctor, however, may indicate the use of medications that relieve symptoms.

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