New WHO report points out the main causes of death in the world
A new report from the World Health Organization (WHO), released this Wednesday (21/9) during the UN General Assembly, shows that non-communicable diseases (NCDs) – such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular and chronic respiratory conditions – are responsible for approximately three quarters of all deaths in the world. They kill 41 million people every year.
The Invisible Numbers report: The True Extent of Noncommunicable Diseases and What to Do About It was launched alongside a data portal during the event organized by WHO in partnership with Bloomberg Philanthropies.
“The fact is that NCDs are really at the heart of sustainable development, and their prevention and treatment are an excellent investment opportunity that will have numerous impacts on economic growth, far exceeding the money spent”, ponders the UN health agency in communicated.
The document reveals that every two seconds a person under the age of 70 dies from one of the four non-communicable diseases in the world, and 86% of these deaths are concentrated in low- and middle-income countries.
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According to the National Cancer Institute, for each year of the triennium 2020/2022, about 625 thousand cases of the disease will be recorded in Brazil.Science Photo Library – STEVE GSCHMEISSNER, Getty Images
Extremely common in the country, skin cancer is characterized by the appearance of tumors on the skin in the form of spots or spots with irregular shapes. Related to prolonged exposure to the sun, exposure to artificial tanning cameras or for hereditary reasons, the disease can be treated through surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.miriam-doerr/istock
Breast cancer is caused by the uncontrolled multiplication of cells in the breast. Although common in women, the disease can also affect men. Among the symptoms of the disease are: pain in the breast region, hardened lump, redness, swelling and bloody secretion. Treatment involves surgery to remove the breast, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormone therapy.SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty Images
More common in men, prostate cancer has the following symptoms: blood in the urine, difficulty urinating, the need to urinate several times a day and the delay in starting and finishing urinating. Surgery and radiation therapy are among the treatments for the disease.Getty Images
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Although it may be related to hyperthyroidism, smoking, changes in sex hormones and diabetes, for example, thyroid cancer is still not well understood by experts. Despite this, treatments against the disease involve hormone therapy, radiotherapy, radioactive iodine and chemotherapy, depending on the case. getty images
Lung cancer is one of the types with the highest incidence in Brazil. Related to the use or prolonged exposure to smoking, its main symptoms are shortness of breath, chest pain, recurrent pneumonia, bronchitis, bloody sputum and frequent coughing. The disease is treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or/and surgeryBSIP / getty images
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In Brazil, squamous squamous cell carcinoma has the highest incidence among stomach cancers. Treatments involve surgery or radiation and chemotherapyiStock
Stomach cancer is diagnosed after identifying malignant tumors spread throughout the organ that can appear as ulcers. Related to infections caused by Helicobacter Pylori, by the presence of ulcers and untreated chronic gastritis, for example, the disease can cause vomiting with blood or blood in the stool, frequent belly pain and constant heartburnSmith Collection/Gado/Getty Images
Cervical cancer has symptoms of intermittent vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain related to bowel or urinary complaints, and abnormal vaginal discharge. Treatment involves chemotherapy, radiation and surgery.Science Photo Library/GettyImages
Oral cancer is a disease that involves the presence of malignant tumors on the lips, gums, roof of the mouth, tongue, cheeks and bones. It is more common in men over 40 years old and has as symptoms oral cavity sores, tongue stains and neck nodules, for example. Treatment involves surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.pexels
The main risk factors pointed out are smoking, unhealthy diet, harmful use of alcohol, sedentary lifestyle and air pollution. “Eliminating these factors could prevent or delay significant health problems and many premature deaths from NCDs,” the WHO suggests.
According to the entity, the material is being released at a critical time for public health. “By 2022, only a few countries were on track to meet the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of reducing early deaths from NCDs by a third by 2030,” the organization says.