Osteoporosis is a chronic disease that weakens the bones and makes them susceptible to fractures. It does not present symptoms at the beginning and although all people can suffer from it, Women are at higher risk of it.
“Women’s bone density is lower than men’s, so they lose bone mass more easily as they age. Menopause also influences because it decreases the level of estrogen, which is vital for the quality of the bones”, comments Milagros Tacilla, a geriatrician.
The specialist adds that All people over 60 years of age should be ruled out for osteoporosis.
Also, gives us four tips to slow bone loss and strengthen our bones:
1. Calcium and vitamin D intake is essentialBut don’t wait until you’re 60 to take care of yourself. Prevention also plays an important role.
2. “Go jogging or dancing. This will help strengthen the bones”, indicates Tacilla.
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3. “If you can’t tolerate dairy, you can eat broccolichard, spinach, which are rich in calcium, or you can also take supplements, “he adds.
4. Excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco weakens the bones. Nobody tells you not to have a few drinks, but try to do it in moderation and very occasionally. Of course, tobacco should be avoided completely. Remember that alcohol and tobacco are also responsible for diseases such as cancer and diabetes.
DID YOU KNOW…
Osteoporosis is a silent disease, but when it has weakened the bones, you may have back or neck pain, a stooped posture, or fractures easily. That is why it is very important that all people, plus women, over 60 years of age rule out the disease once a year.
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How to reduce the risk of stomach cancer through diet?
Stomach cancer is having a high incidence of cases in our country, being considered the most aggressive and deadly type of neoplasm in Peru, causing the death of 80% of people who suffer from it. Therefore, it is necessary to exhaust all measures to prevent it.
The diet plays a very important role in stomach cancer, Since, according to studies carried out, certain components or nutrients can raise or reduce the risk of suffering from it, and since it is a highly fatal disease, we must minimize all risks by promoting a culture of prevention.
“In Peru, 85% of cases of stomach cancer are usually diagnosed in an advanced stage and only 15% in an early stage. People wait a long time to get a check-up, they arrive when the symptoms are very severe, they already have great abdominal pain or they have lost weight very quickly. Hence the importance of timely diagnosis, fundamental because the treatment of the patient changes and there is also a better life expectancy”, pointed out Dr. Ítalo Landeo, gastroenterologist of the League Against Cancer.
Helicobacter pylori: the most common cause
One of the main causes of the development of stomach cancer that is caused by food is infection by Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium that is acquired by ingesting untreated or boiled water. Also due to the consumption of foods such as vegetables and fruits that have not been properly disinfected, although in a lower percentage.
“We usually get infected as children, but when we grow up we expose ourselves more if we eat in the street, drink water that we don’t know if it’s boiled or not, and also vegetables, salads, fruits, which we don’t know how they wash. Even more so in places where there is drinking water; Socioeconomic status also plays a very important role. says the doctor.
Similarly, he pointed out that the salty foods, such as meat, which is used to be salted in many parts of Peru to preserve it, smoked products, vegetables that are preserved in vinegar or that have vinegar, are risk factors for stomach cancer. Alcohol and tobacco use double the risk of development or accelerate it.
“Although this cancer is more recurrent in people over 40 years of age, we are increasingly making diagnoses in younger people, from 36 years of age. Therefore, when there is a family history, where the grandparents or parents had cancer, the children should have the exams from 30 to 32 years old. The hereditary factor is essential to make decisions in these patients”, emphasizes the specialist.
Stomach cancers give symptoms when the tumor is large, the patient may bleed from the mouth, have chronic recurrent abdominal pain, pain in the pit of the stomach, feel a sensation of fullness; they eat with enthusiasm and after 2 or 3 spoonfuls they fill up, they vomit, these are signs of advanced disease.
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