Parenting: Guide your child and avoid bullying

A few weeks ago a child was burned by his classmates in Piura, this shows us that cases of bullying are latent. The bad thing is that the victim tends to shut up out of fear or shame. However, there are some symptoms that the family can identify, such as: mood swings, aggressiveness, eating and sleeping problems.

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To avoid bullying, the psychologists of the Pitágoras school offer these tips:

♦TEACH THEM HOW TO PROTECT THEIR PRIVACY. Find a space during the day to talk with your child about everything they experienced during their school day and with their friends from home. This will allow you to analyze if he is exposed to bullying.

♦ STRENGTHENS YOUR SELF-ESTEEM. If you are aware of your abilities and potential, then your self-esteem is strengthened and you will be able to identify any risk situation and face it, without this affecting your development and relationship with your environment.

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♦DON’T GET ANGRY. If your child tells you about a situation in which a classmate has started to bother him, stay calm and praise him for his confidence in telling you what is happening to him; do not minimize that situation or exalt yourself.

♦PROMOTES SOLIDARITY. Teach him to accept others through respect and understanding, celebrate differences and be inclusive. To be empathic and give positive and supportive words.

DID YOU KNOW…

Avoid advising your child to return aggression, be it physical or verbal. Talk to him about the subject and also with his teachers.

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Parenting: Teach your child not to go with strangers

Dad and mom should talk to the child about what a stranger is, the importance of staying safe and how to act in certain situations so as not to get hurt.

Encourage self-care in your children.  Photo: iStock.
Encourage self-care in your children. Photo: iStock.

The abuse against a 3-year-old girl in Chiclayo tells us that our children are in constant danger. That is why parents have the important job of protecting them and also encouraging self-care in them.

“Dad and mom should talk to the minor about what a stranger is, the importance of staying safe and how he has to act in certain situations so as not to get hurt. From the age of 3, children already have the ability to learn and differentiate some things, but it is necessary to be repetitive so that they internalize it”advise the psychologist Mayra Velásquez Puelles.

TO DO

♦DEFINE THE TERM ‘STRANGE’. Tell them that, for example, the man who passes by on the street or the lady who sells in the market are strangers, that is, people with whom they have no relationship.

♦DO NOT TEACH THROUGH FEAR. Speak slowly and empathetically, the idea is that they trust you more to tell you what is happening to them. Tell them that no matter what happens, they are the most valuable thing in your life and that you will always believe in them.

♦ HELP YOURSELF WITH QUESTIONS. You can use these: What do you do if someone you don’t know treats you to candy? Do you accept it or walk away? Depending on their answers, guide them.

♦ ESTABLISHES WARNING SIGNS. Warn them that if someone wants to take them, they should scream, run or kick.

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