Prepared for an emergency? Know the three basic first aid techniques

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 830,000 children under the age of 18 die each year as a result of accidents. Many of these deaths could have been prevented if we had basic first aid skills.

According to Dr. Segundo Millones Gomez, a nursing specialist, heart attack is one of the emergencies in which it is vital to know first aid. Precisely, in Peru, every year between 4 and 5 thousand people over 40 years of age die from this pathology.

However, it is not the only event that occurs frequently in Peruvian homes; since emergencies due to choking, burns, hemorrhages, fractures and sprains are also reasons for visits to hospital emergency rooms.

It is necessary to learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR. Since 80% of heart attacks occur in a home environment, it is essential to recognize the symptoms and seek emergency help. (Photo: Pexel)

Three first aid techniques

For this reason, the also professor at the Wiener University Graduate School shares three first aid techniques that we must learn.

  1. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Since 80% of heart attacks occur in a domestic environment, it is essential to recognize the symptoms and request help from the emergency room; But if cardiac arrest occurs before help arrives, we must perform CPR, as this could make a difference in the life and death of the patient.
  2. Choking accidents. A piece of fruit or a small object could cause choking. To avoid this, it is necessary to know how to apply maneuvers such as Heimlich and CPR, since the former could treat partial obstruction and the two together would help with a total obstruction of the throat.
  3. In cases of burns. Put the victim in a safe place and apply cold water to the burned area, making sure that the water flows and drags the liquids or tissues, then remove the clothing that is covering the burned area and avoid touching the burns to reduce the risk of infection. The victim must be transferred immediately for the corresponding specialized attention.

The specialist indicates that it is necessary to join efforts with the authorities to promote the teaching of first aid in educational settings, since this allows knowing how to act when a crisis of this type occurs, because saving a life depends on seconds.

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