Purchasing power, Covid-19… What will be the first texts examined by the Assembly?

It is a kick-off whose date is still uncertain at this stage. If, behind the scenes, the deputies of the new National Assembly are negotiating their places in the new bodies of the Palais Bourbon, they still do not know exactly when the legislative work will begin.

Deprived of an absolute majority in the National Assembly, the executive is already finding itself in difficulty to have its purchasing power law and its amending budget, supposed to urgently support the French in the face of inflation. After having postponed them after the elections, the government intended to present these two texts on July 6 in the Council of Ministers, before arriving in session the week of July 18 then to shuttle with the Senate until the beginning of August, the extraordinary session thus being able to extend until August 9th. But this calendar could be compromised, with no guarantee of being able to get them to vote.

The measures on purchasing power, already widely unveiled by the executive during the campaign, to counter a National Rally (RN) which had its favorite theme, are however eagerly awaited by many French people, in the grip of a rise prices which exceeded 5% annually in May. Promised by Emmanuel Macron, these measures, estimated at around 9 billion euros by the French Observatory of Economic Conditions (OFCE), include in particular the revaluation of 4% of retirement pensions and social minima, the unfreezing of the remuneration of officials, a new inflation check or the continuation of the tariff shield on energy.

With oppositions which have every intention of not facilitating the task of the presidential camp, and a Les R├ępublicains (LR) party which claims to be open but without becoming a “crutch” for the macronists, it is a puzzle which s announcement for the government.

For the moment in Bercy, where the amending budget has been incubating for weeks, we refuse to comment on the future of the text and any adaptations that may prove necessary. Lively debates in the Assembly are therefore to be expected, even if it could prove difficult for the opposition to directly counter texts aimed at protecting the purchasing power of the French.

The government could also in theory engage its responsibility, via the application of article 49-3, on the draft amending budget. A bet probably too risky because it would pave the way for the filing of a motion of censure against the government.

In addition, a health bill allowing the maintenance of “braking measures” against Covid-19 should also arrive in the hemicycle the week of July 11, but it is suspended for negotiations on the majority. As Public Senate recalls, other texts should arrive in the hemicycle at the start of the five-year term, such as that on renewable energies. As for the Lopmi, the orientation and programming bill of the Ministry of the Interior, presented to the Council of Ministers in March 2022, and announced by Emmanuel Macron in September 2021, its examination is not yet scheduled for July. It should be in the fall.

The calendar of the first days of the new Assembly is known with certainty: the deputies elected on Sunday June 19 in the second round of the legislative elections are welcomed at the Palais Bourbon from Monday June 20 until Friday June 24. Wednesday, June 22 will be marked by the election of the president of the Macronist group and the candidate of this same majority group for the presidency of the National Assembly. The president of the LR group will also be elected on that day.

Tuesday, June 28, at 3 p.m., will see the first public session and the election of whoever will preside over the lower house of Parliament. The members of the office of the National Assembly will be elected on Wednesday, June 29. The first meeting of the parliamentary committees and the election of their respective chairs and vice-chairs will take place the following day. Finally, on Tuesday July 5, the Prime Minister will speak to the deputies for his general policy statement. At this stage, it is Elisabeth Borne, whose fate is pending, who must hold this speech. At this stage.


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