The COVID-19 pandemic continues to leave consequences and exacerbate the situation of other diseases in the population, including the anemia. Because the decrease in the flow of medical care nationwide and the fear of going to a health center resulted in the lack of control and monitoring of patients, the efforts of the State have been redoubled to prevent and combat anemia especially in minors.
To prevent cases of childhood anemia, it is important that during pregnancy the mother ingest foods rich in iron and additionally consume supplements with folic acid. In this way, the baby will be born without anemia and the iron reserves will be able to cover it until the sixth month of life, a period in which it is suggested to give him exclusive breastfeeding until he can start feeding solids.
To learn about other recommendations that help parents reduce the risk of their children suffering from anemia by increasing iron in their diet, Dr. Jordan Gutiérrez, MAPFRE doctor, offers the following advice:
- Porridge high in iron: It is important to include foods of animal origin such as blood or liver in the diet due to its high iron content.
- Diet rich in vegetables: It is recommended that little by little we introduce different menus with vegetables, such as pureed spinach or peas, into your diet. Offering broccoli or cauliflower will be a new experience for the baby, in addition to being vegetables that contain important nutrients to prevent anemia. All dark green leaves should be included in your diet.
- Vitamin C as a supplement: All foods high in iron must be accompanied by vitamin C to achieve a correct absorption of this mineral. For example, you could serve baby a plate of grilled liver peas in small pieces accompanied by a lemon broccoli salad.
- Supplements: According to a pediatrician’s evaluation, a vitamin supplement of iron in drops or syrup may be given from the fourth month of life to prevent anemia. It is always important that these types of supplements are given under the supervision of a doctor.
It should be noted that iron is a mineral necessary for the growth and development of the body. In addition, it is needed to make hemoglobin, which allows oxygen to be transported from the lungs to different parts of the body. From the sixth month of life, a respective screening can be requested to see whether or not the minor requires treatment for anemia.
“Sometimes children seem tired, but they are not really well fed. It is important for parents to observe their children. If they see that you have little energy, constant sleep and habitual fatigue, they could be signs of anemia ”, says the MAPFRE specialist. Also, remember the importance of taking advantage of the health insurance coverage where your children are enrolled. “MAPFRE’s health plans provide free preventive exams that include laboratory tests at their Medical Centers so that they can monitor the health of their children.“, Add.