The shortage of skilled workers in Germany reached record levels in the first quarter of this year, despite the strain on the economy caused by the corona pandemic and the war in Ukraine. In March, the number of vacancies, for which there were no suitably qualified unemployed nationwide, rose to a new high of a good 558,000, reported the competence center for securing skilled workers (Kofa) of the employer-related Institute of German Economy (IW) on Saturday. This means that the gap in skilled workers has increased by a further 88,000 vacancies within just three months.
Many vacancies in energy technology, natural sciences and computer science
According to the study, the growing shortage of skilled workers is affecting the entire labor market. However, the bottlenecks are particularly pronounced in the areas of health, social affairs, teaching and education, as well as in the areas of construction, architecture, surveying and building technology. According to the study, a good six out of ten positions could not be filled with suitably qualified unemployed people in March alone in the areas of health, social affairs, teaching and education.
According to the study, the shortage of skilled workers is also above average in the sectors of raw material extraction, production and manufacturing, natural sciences, geography and IT as well as agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry as well as horticulture. The number of vacancies for qualified applicants in the fields of aviation and energy technology has recently also increased significantly.
According to experts and companies, a shortage of skilled workers and young talent, especially in scientific and technical professions, is endangering the German economy. However, there are always different views on how the shortage of skilled workers actually is, especially when it comes to working conditions, training and immigration.
Linke: “Wage, working conditions and appreciation are poor”
With regard to the particularly affected areas of health, social affairs, teaching and education, the left-wing labor market expert Susanne Ferschl emphasized that in view of the development of negotiated wages and the workload there can be no question of a “lack of skilled workers”. “Rather, it’s about a lack of an appropriate wage level, attractive working conditions and appreciation,” said Ferschl on Saturday in Berlin.