A year ago, the Islamist Taliban seized power in Afghanistan. The country has changed so dramatically since then.
Wednesday in Kabul: Shots rang out in Karta-e-Sakhi for hours. Security forces are giving the area in the south-west of the Afghan capital a violent attack firefight with gunmen holed up in a house. Six people die. The next day, a Taliban spokesman said the men were terrorists from the Afghanistan branch of the so-called “Islamic State.”
Violence also belongs a year after the takeover the Taliban to everyday life in Afghanistan. The country on the Hindu Kush is teetering towards the abyss – for many reasons.
Afghanistan: Kabul falls in one day
Kabul a year ago: In the first two weeks of August, one provincial capital after the next falls to the Taliban. In the Afghan capital, many residents are still relaxed. “They won’t take Kabul any time soon,” many say.
On August 14, President turns Ashraf Ghani with a television speech to the people and is confident of victory. You will quickly regain control of the country. The next morning, pictures of cheerful Taliban at the city zoo circulate on social media. In the afternoon the President leaves the country. The Islamists take control of the megacity.
Withdrawal from Afghanistan: The western world forgets the crisis country
The western world is appalled. the Taliban rule Afghanistan again. Two decades of war, thousands of dead western soldiers, tens of thousands of dead Afghan security forces and civilians, trillions of dollars for military action and development aid. All for free.
The images of panicked people trying to get out of the country at Kabul airport go around the world. About 120,000 people are airlifted out of Afghanistan in the following weeks. It is citizens of foreign countries and Afghans who are considered to be particularly at risk. After that, the Western world forgets Afghanistan, just as it did in the 1990s after the Soviets left. You want the total failure forget.
Taliban: The new rulers are not responsible for every catastrophe
The location is in Afghanistan worse than ever. It seems the land is cursed. Many different crises pile up to create a catastrophic overall situation, and the new rulers are not responsible for all of them.
One has been plaguing me for two years drought especially the north-west of the country and is destroying cropland on a massive scale. In June, a severe earthquake shakes the southeast. More than 1000 people die. Massive rains pelt down in July, triggering flash floods in several provinces. Hundreds die again, thousands of houses, roads and bridges are destroyed.
Even before the Taliban took power Afghanistan one of the poorest countries in the world. However, the economic situation of many people has worsened in the past twelve months. Half of the population is considered acutely threatened by starvation. Hundreds of thousands of jobs have been lost, the urban middle class is impoverished and is trying to leave the country.
More on the subject: Local Forces in Afghanistan: Abandoned under Taliban
This has dramatic consequences for the health sector in particular, and many medical professionals have turned their backs on Afghanistan. Western aid money is only used to provide support in emergencies. The US has the currency reserves of the Afghan central bank confiscated in the amount of seven billion dollars, half of the money is to go to the victims of the attacks of September 11, 2001.
Women in Afghanistan: Their situation has deteriorated drastically
The situation has deteriorated most radically for women. “Despite initial public protestations to protect the rights of women and girls, the Taliban Measures introduced to systematically discriminate against and violate the rights of the female population,” warned the human rights organization Amnesty International at the end of July.
In May, the Taliban leadership issued an order under which Women may only leave the house for special reasons and accompanied by a male relative and must be fully veiled. Protests by some women against this order were nipped in the bud.
For the most girl it is no longer possible to attend secondary schools, even if the Taliban leadership has repeatedly asserted that this will change in the future. In addition, in a report presented in June, the UN mission in Afghanistan complained about an increase in forced marriages and child marriages.
“Islamic State” is the biggest threat to the Taliban
In the report, they criticize United Nations a general deterioration in the human rights situation. According to the Afghan Journalists’ Association, almost half of Afghan media outlets have been shut down in the past 12 months. Despite an amnesty for former government officials and former security forces, the United Nations has counted 160 extrajudicial executions since the Taliban took power through June.
More than 2,100 civilians were killed or wounded in armed conflicts. The majority of these victims can be traced back to attacks and attacks by the Afghanistan branch of the so-called “Islamic State” (IS), which currently poses the greatest security threat to the Taliban.
Afghanistan: Al Qaeda terrorist organization no longer plays a major role
The IS terrorists vilify the Taliban as “bearded idolaters” because they have negotiated with the Americans and are not aiming for a global caliphate. IS fighters repeatedly attack Taliban patrols or checkpoints, liquidate Taliban commanders, or carry out suicide attacks on mosques belonging to the Shiite Hazara minority, sometimes with high casualties.
Despite their extreme brutality and fanaticism, the terrorist militia seems to be increasingly able to recruit young men from Sunni minorities such as the Tajiks and Uzbeks, who the new rulers reject simply because the majority of them are Pashtuns.
The terrorist organization affiliated with the Taliban al Qaeda while its leader, Aiman az-Zawahari, found refuge in Kabul, where he was killed in a US drone strike on July 31.
China is taking advantage of the West’s retreat
The West’s Flight From and Turning Away From Afghanistan is currently exploiting one country in particular: China. The People’s Republic hopes to have access to Afghan raw materials, above all the lithium required for the production of batteries for electric cars, for example, but also copper, cobalt, nickel and rare earths.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi visited the new rulers last March, the Chinese Embassy in Kabul is still open, the Chinese government criticizes the western sanctions against the Taliban and wants to invest in the expansion of Afghan infrastructure, among other things.
Without a shot in Afghanistan fired, the Chinese could become the biggest beneficiaries of the disaster left in their wake by the West in the Hindu Kush country.
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