The Office of Domestic Violence (OVD) of the Supreme Court of the Nation presented a work focused on almost 200 women who denounced their partners or ex-partners five or more times for more than 11 years, of which 56 percent were migrants, more than half were financially dependent on those denounced and 38 percent were unemployed or performed unpaid care work.
The investigation, which was released in the framework of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, reported that a total of 190 women made 1,053 complaints against their partners or ex-partners between 2008 and 2020.
The characteristics of the complainants show that “economic difficulties explain the complexity of ending the relationship with the couple and/or physical distance with the aggressor and, consequently, the persistence of the violence.”
In this sense, 56 percent of the women were migrants (30 percent international and 26 percent interprovincial) and 48 percent had not completed secondary school, while 38 percent were unemployed or carried out unpaid care tasks. and 52 percent were financially dependent on the accused.
In addition, 7 out of 10 women were between the ages of 22 and 39 when they filed the complaint for the first time, and in 90 percent of the cases there were children in common with the accused.
Regarding the complaints, 67% included physical violence, while 56% of the women who filed them were in situations of high or very high risk.
The characteristics of the accused also warn about the complexities that the women who approached the OVD were going through.
In this sense, 79 percent of them presented a problematic consumption of psychoactive substances or alcohol, 19 percent had firearms and 2 percent belonged to the security forces.
The report highlighted, on the other hand, that all the requests of the complainants received responses through the issuance of preventive measures.
The National Civil Justice issued a ban on approaching in 98 percent of the cases and on contact with the affected women in 91 percent of them, the ban on approaching children and adolescents (73 percent) and granting of anti-panic button (52 percent), among others.
However, the work noted that free legal support was granted only to 21 percent of the complainants, while it was also under the scope of specialized treatment for gender violence offered by the State (11 percent).
Lastly, half of the women complainants separated from their partners between the first and the last complaint, 30 percent maintained an intermittent relationship and only 8 percent of the cases did not separate.
The Domestic Violence Office operates 24 hours a day, every day of the year, where interdisciplinary teams receive complaints of domestic violence within the City of Buenos Aires.
Fact: Line 144 provides care and advice in situations of gender violence. By WhatsApp: +5491127716463.