Ukraine War: That’s why Poland no longer wants the German Patriot systems

Germany wants to help Poland with air defense. The government in Warsaw is now proposing to hand over the arms to Ukraine.

The federal government supports Poland Patriot missile defense systemsto protect the airspace of the NATO partner. The government in Warsaw was initially grateful for the offer. However, Poland’s Defense Minister Mariusz Blaszczak has now spoken out in favor of stationing the systems in Ukraine. A response from the federal government is still pending. The FDP defense politician Marie-Agnes Strack-Zimmermann expressed surprise at Poland’s advance.

Ukraine: Why is Germany offering this help to Poland?

In the one close to the border with Ukraine Polish village Przewodow On November 15, a rocket hit and killed two people. NATO believes it was a Ukrainian anti-aircraft missile used to defend against Russian airstrikes that accidentally landed in Poland. Russia had massively bombed Ukraine that day. Defense Minister Christine Lambrecht (SPD) then said that NATO had to improve its air defense.

How does Germany want to support Poland in air defense?

After talks with Blaszczak, Lambrecht announced on Monday that Germany would send Patriot air defense systems to Poland and that the country would help secure Polish airspace support. Details still need to be clarified. Blaszczak commented with “great satisfaction” and announced that he would deploy the Patriot system near Poland’s border with Ukraine.

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Could the Patriot systems have prevented the impact from Ukraine?

The Federal Ministry of Defense does not comment on this specific case, saying that this is “not possible due to the large number of influencing factors and for reasons of military secrecy”. The system is used to counter attacks by aircraft, short-range tactical ballistic missiles and cruise missiles. However, Russia also uses smaller weapons for its attacks on Ukraine drones one flying at lower altitude.

How does the system work?

The Patriot system is considered modern and powerful. A radar detects a flying object, according to the Bundeswehr, up to 50 targets can be checked at the same time and up to five targets within a range of almost 70 kilometers can be attacked at the same time. If an object is identified as hostile, it can be attacked with a guided missile be shot down.

Why does Poland now want to station the systems in Ukraine?

Defense Minister Blaszczak is reacting to renewed massive Russian rocket attacks on Ukraine. The Patriot batteries were to be deployed on the western border of Ukraine. “This would allow Ukraine to be saved from further casualties and power outages and increase security on our eastern border,” Blaszczak wrote on Twitter. He asked the federal government to station the Patriot systems in Ukraine.

Will the federal government comply with the request?

So far, the federal government has not taken a position on this. Your original offer was the airspace of NATO partner Poland with one there stationed system To defend. The government in Poland is now proposing to station the Patriot systems in Ukraine to defend Ukrainian airspace. So far, the federal government has been reluctant to deliver certain NATO weapons to Ukraine. The operation of the Patriot system is also considered difficult without the appropriate training.

“Of course it makes sense to deliver this system to Ukraine as well, provided they can operate it with their soldiers,” said the FDP defense politician Strack-Zimmermann to our editorial team. However, she believes that Lambrecht’s offer to Poland was intended differently. “It’s funny how people can talk past each other like that,” added the chair of the Defense Committee in the Bundestag.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has long called for support from the West, especially on the issue of air defense. Germany has delivered Gepard anti-aircraft tanks to Ukraine and, so far, one example of the state-of-the-art Iris-T system. Three more are to follow next year. The Bundeswehr is also training Ukrainian soldiers in Germany on the Iris-T system.

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