What is the situation of the Natural Parks in Colombia?

The director of National Parks How Are We Going, Sandra Vilardy, presented in dialogue with Planeta Caracol the 2021 Report of National Parks How We Go where a joint vision of the 59 Colombian National Natural Parks and the municipalities that surround them.

According to the report of the civil society initiative, National Parks How We Go, it is confirmed that the National Natural Parks PNN continue to be the most successful and constantly advancing national conservation project in the second most biodiverse country on the planet.

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Sandra Vilardy, said that Colombians “have a” distant and ungrateful relationship “with the National Natural Parks. It should be noted that 225 municipalities in Colombia are related to these reserve areas. These mean that we must take a socio-ecological look at the contributions of these ecosystems.

Colombia has 59 PNNs, which conserve 17,613,380 hectares of biodiversity. Due to their good state of ecological integrity, they generate a diversity of contributions to the well-being of communities, with ecosystems that regulate water, that maintain and produce fertile soils, and that are habitat for pollinators and help to generate biological control against pests and diseases.

The 59 Colombian National Natural Parks conserve 64.5% of the country’s ecosystems. Nevertheless45 of the 59 NNPs in the country have ecosystems with some degree of threat, the 14 Caribbean parks being the most affected. It is reflected in the loss of glaciers, paramos, corals, natural savannas and forests.

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Concern for the future of the Parks is even greater, given the threatened state of their ecosystems and phenomena such as deforestation and illicit crops such as coca, which occur both within them and in the municipalities that surround them. . In 15 of the 59 PNN there are coca crops and deforestation.

The cases of the Catatumbo Bari parks, located in the northeastern Andes, Paramillo and Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, located in the Caribbean, and Tinigua and Macarena in the Orinoquía, where they converge, within and in the municipal context, are striking. , phenomena associated with deforestation, coca crops and acts of violence, the most affected being Catatumbo Bari.

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