Who was Sigmund Freud and what did he do?

The doctor Sigmund Freud he was a heavy smoker. He smoked while writing, while analyzing his patients, and even during his daily walks. He smoked from the age of 20, first cigars and then cigarettesof which he consumed twenty per day.

MORE INFORMATION: Sigmund Freud: ‘Time spent with cats is never wasted’ and other phrases

In 1923 a cancer of jaw, in spite of which he continued smoking. In the last 16 years of his existence, the famous psychoanalyst underwent surgery 31 times. His life ended on September 23, 1939 in London.

The Austrian, trained as a neurologist, focused part of his theories on the human mind on the interpretation of dreams.

It revolutionized psychiatry at the beginning of the 20th century. Illustration: Stock.

He was the first to speak of the unconscious. He claimed that dreams are the way that unconscious emerges. He founded the psychoanalysisa mental therapy and a new therapeutic contribution that revolutionized psychiatry at the beginning of the 20th century.

He unraveled the origin of traumatic experiences, said that drives were the cause of motivations and theorized about anthropology, culture and social order.


In 1885, Freud studied the analgesic properties of cocaine. His scientific curiosity regarding this drug lay in exploring its possibilities as a palliative in certain diseases.

The psychoanalyst described its effects in his work Úber Koka -Sobre la coca- and, in principle, noted down its “benefits” and recommended it to treat alcoholism, morphine addiction, etc.

But as he delved deeper into his study, he realized that its side effects were much more dangerous than its hypothetical healing properties. Freud ended up discarding it.


According to FreudDuring early childhood, the object of love and desire for a child is the mother. In contrast, the father embodies the rival who takes the object of desire from the child.

Thus, the infant considers the father an ‘enemy’ and develops a feeling of jealousy towards him. But when the little boy assumes that archetypal relationship between father and mother, he ends up displacing that original desire towards other women.

Sigmund Freud and Martha Bernays at their engagement (1882)
Sigmund Freud and Martha Bernays at their engagement (1882)


Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in Freiberg, Austrian Empire. In 1860 he moved with his family to Vienna, where he began to study medicine. He finishes his career in the specialty of neurology. In 1884 he discovers the analgesic properties of cocaine. Two years later, he opens his practice and marries Martha Bernays. He had six children. In 1896 he used the term psychoanalysis for the first time. In 1900 he published his work The Interpretation of Dreams.


Leave a Comment